The impact of climate change on land infrastructure is determined both by climate extremes (e.g. precipitation events, their influence on hydrology and associated erosion phenomena) and by varying trends (e.g., increases in average temperature and its impact on construction materials).
Climate information available in most areas of the planet comes from global models used for climate projections by the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), and it has very insufficient spatial resolution (level of detail) for analysing specific problems.
We have defined a methodology based on global climate models (GCM), which lead to the development of regional climate models (RCM) using dynamic “downscaling” techniques which take into account the physics of the atmosphere in any part of the world, focusing on relevant variables, with the most suitable level of horizontal resolution for each case.
In this way, near-future climate change projections are obtained (e.g., 2030-2040) which are more realistic and fully relevant to the field, and which enable the main critical points to be identified and strategic decisions to be made for the adaptation of major infrastructure.